Under the New
Zealand Cat Fancy Inc rules, the Mandalay breed is fully intermateable with
the Burmese breed, and you can get Burmese and Mandalay in the same
litter. They are registered as Mandalay or Burmese depending on their what
their colour classifies them as (ie by phenotype).
between Mandalay and Burmese is basically in their coat and eye colour,
the same in every other way.
Burmese have a gene which changes
their coat colour - this is known as the Burmese Gene (or "cbcb"),
do not have this gene (and are "CC").
A Seal Burmese is
genetically black, however because of the presence of cbcb gene rather
than the CC gene, the colour is changed to the Seal (dark brown) colour.
Mandalays have the exact same natures as Burmese - in fact some say that as well as having more intense coat and eye colour, they have more intense personalities - if that is possible!
The Mandalay breed
was developed here in New Zealand. As with many pedigree breeds throughout
the world, it originated from accidental matings. The first one happened in the South Island
around the early 1970's, and the second in the North Island in 1988.
Island breeding program was the result of a Cream Burmese to a mated to a Red
Domestic Shorthair. The North Island line started with a Seal Burmese to a
Black Domestic Shorthair.
The resulting kittens
from the South Island mating were all a deep, rich russet red colour.
Similarly, the resulting
kittens from the North Island mating were stunning jet black with amber eyes, and certain breeders were so
taken with these cats that breeding programs were started to reproduce
these beautiful cats.
The Mandalay breed was recognised by the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc
in June 1990.
so far as we are aware, at this time there are no Mandalay cats left from the
two original New Zealand breeding programs.
Since that time, there has also been a Cinnamon
Mandalay program developed with the introduction of the Cinnamon gene from
Abyssinian and Siamese.
There has also
been a UK Bombay line imported into NZ, and this is in the background of
In the UK similar
programs came about involving Burmese, and the resulting breeds were called
Bombays for black cats and Asians for all of the other colours.
These are different again from the Bombays of the USA, where American Burmese
were originally bred with American Shorthairs.
In 2013 a Mandalay program has begun in
Australia which involves the use of British Shorthair and Burmese.